Department of Science & Technology Studies
First State Exam Law 2003 (Hamburg), M.P.A. 2006 (Harvard), D.Phil. 2012 (Oxford)
I am an Assistant Professor at the Department of Science & Technology Studies at Cornell University. Broadly based in Science and Technology Studies (STS), ethnography, and public policy, my research revolves around the practicalities of evaluation, governance, and accountability in digitally networked environments -- the dynamics at work, the values at stake, the design options at hand.
In my doctoral work, I looked at the practical politics of novel review, rating and ranking schemes in healthcare and search engine optimization (SEO). More recently, I have been working with computer scientists and sex researchers on computational approaches to protecting privacy and confidentiality in large social science data sets.
I work with Helen Nissenbaum, Steve Woolgar, and the Intel Science and Technology Center for Social Computing. I also collaborate with Viktor Mayer-Schönberger (public policy), Christian Pentzold (communications studies), Theo Röhle (media studies), Ian Brown (computer science), Fadhila Mazanderani (sociology of health), and the Oxford STS group.
Previously, I was a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Department of Media, Culture, and Communication and the Information Law Institute at New York University, a McCloy Fellow at Harvard University, a Non-resident Fellow at the Research Center for Information Law at the University of St. Gallen, a Junior Researcher at the Hans Bredow Institute for Media Research, and a member of multidisciplinary research teams at Harvard, Oxford, St. Gallen, Hamburg and the OECD. My work has been supported by the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC), the German National Academic Foundation, an OII/PGP Scholarship, the Heinz Schwarzkopf Foundation, the Keble Association, and the German Academic Exchange Service.
Science & technology studies; governance and accountability relations; sociology of evaluation; digital media; online reviews, ratings, rankings; computational approaches to privacy; ethnography; ethnomethodology
- Encoding Privacy: An ethnographic study of computational approaches to privacy in large social science data sets.
- Governing Algorithms: Ongoing research and conference at New York University on the recent rise of algorithms as an object of interest in areas beyond computer science.
- Evaluation as Governance: My dissertation, which examines the practical politics of reviewing, rating, and ranking on the web through ethnographies of two very different settings: web-based patient feedback and search engine optimization (SEO).
- How's My Feedback?: A collaborative design project to rethink and evaluate web-based review and rating schemes.
- The STS Talk-Walks: A monthly walking seminar at the University of Oxford.
-- Journal articles
-- Book chapters
- Ziewitz, M. and I. Brown (2013). A prehistory of internet governance. In Research Handbook on Governance of the Internet, ed I. Brown, 3-26. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.
- Ziewitz, M. (2008). Viel Ordnung, wenig Recht: Kollaborative Selbstkontrolle als Vertrauensfaktor am Beispiel Wikipedias. In Informationelles Vertrauen für die Informationsgesellschaft, eds D. Klumpp, H. Kubicek, A. Rossnagel and W. Schulz, 173-188. Heidelberg: Springer.
- Schulz, W. and M. Ziewitz (2004). Extending The Access Obligation to EPGs and Service Platforms?. In Regulating Access to Digital Television: Technical Bottlenecks, Vertically-Integrated Markets and New Forms of Media Concentration, eds W. Closs and S. Nikolzchev, 47-58. Strasbourg: IRIS European Audiovisual Observatory.
-- Working papers
-- Research reports
- Nissenbaum, H., Stark, L. and M. Ziewitz (2013). Values in Design Council: An End of Project Report. NSF Eager: Values in Design in the Future Internet Architecture, CNS/NetS 1058333.
- Ziewitz, M. and C. Pentzold (2010). Modes of governance in digitally networked environments: A workshop report. OII Forum Discussion Paper 19.
- Schroeder, R., Ziewitz, M. and E. Meyer (2009). Social, ethical, and legal issues in presence research and applications. Peach FP6 Coordination Action No 33909.
- OECD Working Party on the Information Economy, Digital Broadband Content: Online Advertising, DSTI/ICCP/IE(2007)77, Paris, 20 March 2007 (unpublished).
- Schulz, W. and M. Ziewitz (2005). Chapter 6: “Regulierung: Technische Aspekte und Politikoptionen”. In Die Zukunft des deutschen Kabelfernsehnetzes, eds B. Beckert et al., 65-86. Heidelberg: Physica Press.
Invited talks and conference papers
- “Accounting for rankings: Notes from an ethnography with SEO consultants,” ISTC-Social All-hands Meeting, Georgia Tech, Atlanta, GA, May 21, 2014
- “Encoding privacy as, in, and through practice,” ISTC-Social All-hands Meeting, Georgia Tech, Atlanta, GA, May 20, 2014
- “Unscaling ethnography,” Big: Culture and Data in the Digital Field, UC Irvine, Irvine, CA, April 11, 2014
- “Encoding privacy,” ILI Fellows Meeting, New York University School of Law, New York, NY, February 12, 2014
- “Encoding privacy,” Big Data and Differential Privacy workshop, Rump Session, Simons Institute for the Theory of Computing, Berkeley, CA, December 12, 2013
- “What does transparency conceal?,” Privacy Research Group, New York University, New York, NY, December 4, 2013 [discussion paper | slides ]
- “Tools of the trade: Mechanizing understanding, big data, and a slow science,” Keynote lecture (with Christian Pentzold), World Social Science Forum, Montreal, Canada, October 15, 2013
- “Spectacular algorithms,” Society for the Social Studies of Science (4S) Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA, October 10, 2013
- “Enacting governance,” Social Media Governance workshop, Faculty of Law, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel, July 24, 2013
- “Governing algorithms: An introduction,” New York University, New York, NY, May 17, 2013
- “Spectacular algorithms: Secrecy, obscurity, and inscrutability in Search Engine Optimization (SEO),” Microsoft Research New England, Cambridge, MA, April 26, 2013
- “Evaluation as governance: The practical politics of web-based patient feedback,” Department of Science & Technology Studies, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY, April 8, 2013
- “Spectacular algorithms,” Algorithms and Markets Workshop, London School of Economics and Political Sciences, London, UK, March 19, 2013
- “Rating in action: Governance, accountability, and web-based patient feedback,” Information Science Colloquium, Cornell University, Ithaca, USA, February 20, 2013
- “Can stories change the world? Notes from an ethnography of web-based patient feedback,” Management in Healthcare speaker series, Green Templeton College, Oxford, UK, November 12, 2012
- “In search of the algorithm: A not quite random walk,” Society for the Social Studies of Science (4S)/EASST Annual Meeting, Copenhagen, Denmark, October 18, 2012
- “Descriptions as companions? Notes from an uneasy relationship,” American Anthropological Association (AAA) Annual Meeting, Montreal, Canada, November 20, 2011
- “Ambiguous analytics: Achieving relevance in search engine optimization,” Society for the Social Studies of Science (4S) Annual Meeting, Cleveland, OH, USA, November 3, 2011
- “Can crowd wisdom solve regulatory problems?”, 1st Berlin Symposium on Internet an Society: Exploring the Digital Future, Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society, Berlin, Germany, October 27, 2011 [summary by snurb.info, report by Mathieu O′Neil]
- “Evaluation as Governance?”, InSIS and ValueS Workshop, Saïd Business School, Oxford, UK, October 22, 2011
- “Algorithm: In search of the invisible hand,” Symposium Knowledge Machines between Freedom and Control, Institute for Media Archeology, Hainburg, Austria, October 7, 2011
- “How’s my feedback?,” STS Summer Workshop and How’s My Feedback? Conference, Saïd Business School, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK, June 28, 2011 (with Steve Woolgar)
- “How’s my feedback? Six puzzles and some thoughts on web-based review and rating schemes,” Harvard-Yale-MIT Cyberscholar Working Group, MIT Media Lab, Cambridge, MA, May 11, 2011
- “What architecture for multi-stakeholder participation and policy-making?,” Internet Freedom Conference, Panel Speaker, Council of Europe, Strasbourg, France, April 19, 2011
- “What is it with experience? Postings, governance and multiplicity in web-based patient feedback,” Knowledge, Innovation and E-health Research Group Seminar, Warwick Medical School, United Kingdom, March 2, 2011
- “Researching search: Ethnographic stories from the search marketing industry,” Business School, University of Exeter, United Kingdom, February 2, 2011
- “How to attend to screens? Mundane encounters at the int(er/ra)face,” PhD Workshop “Framing Screens: Knowledge, Interaction, Practice”, IT University of Copenhagen, Denmark, September 29, 2010
- “Accountability multiple? The practical politics of web-based patient feedback,” Society for the Social Studies of Science (4S) Annual Meeting, Tokyo, Japan, August 26, 2010
- “‘This is not science’: A student’s experience of STS practices at Oxford”, Workshop on Practices of Science and Technology Studies: Reflexive Takes on Cross-context Collaboration, Graduate University of Advanced Studies, Tokyo, Japan, August 24, 2010
- “Innovation in governance as a practical accomplishment,” First Berlin Forum Innovation in Governance, Technical University Berlin, Germany, May 20, 2010
- “‘Don’t push your politics on me, pal’: Understanding database practices through humour,” Values in Design Workshop 2K10, New York University, New York, USA, May 7, 2010 (with Theo Roehle)
- “Order without law? Exploring modes of governance in digitally networked environments,” Games Convention Online Conference 2009, Leipzig, Germany, August 1, 2009
- “Governance and accountability in, of, and through internet-based rating schemes,” Postgraduate STS Conference 2009, University of Nottingham, United Kingdom, July 28, 2009
- “Modes of governance in digitally networked environments: Perspectives from an interdisciplinary workshop,” 2nd GigaNet Workshop on ‘Global Internet Governance - An Interdisciplinary Research Field in Construction,’ Vrije Universiteit Brussels, Belgium, May 11, 2009
- “Governance and accountability in/of/through internet-based rating systems,” ESRC Workshop ‘Imagining and Demystifying Empirical Socio-Legal Research,’ Loughborough University, United Kingdom, April 6, 2009
- “Let’s play: What policymakers can learn from game design”, Annual Meeting of the German Academic Merit Foundation, Oxford University, United Kingdom, Nov. 8, 2008
- “Breaking new grounds: Non-legal master programs for lawyers in the U.S.”, German-American Lawyers’ Association, Bad Neuenahr-Ahrweiler, Germany, June 30, 2007
Commentary, interviews, media
Conference and seminar organization
- (forthcoming) Experience as Evidence? The Sciences of Subjectivity in Healthcare, Policy and Practice, Symposium at Oxford University, September 13-14, 2014, Oxford, United Kingdom (with Fadhila Mazanderani)
- Algorithmic Living, Session at Society for the Social Studies of Science (4S) Annual Meeting, San Diego, CA (with Phoebe Sengers and Kaiton Williams)
- Governing Algorithms, Conference at New York University, May 16-17, 2013, New York, NY, USA (with Solon Barocas, Sophie Hood, and Helen Nissenbaum)
- The “What is data?” Walk, Walking seminar at Microsoft Research New England, Social Media Collective, April 22, 2013, Cambridge, MA, USA (with Megan Finn)
- Encountering Science and Technology Studies: Situated Seminars, Trinity Term 2012, Saïd Business School, University of Oxford (with Tanja Schneider)
- Science and Technology Studies (STS) and Anthropology: What is the Status of our Descriptions?, Session at the American Anthropological Association (AAA) Annual Meeting, Montreal, Canada, November 20, 2011 (with Helene Ratner)
- Doing the Digital: Data, Devices and the Performance of Sociality, Session at Society for the Social Studies of Science (4S) Annual Meeting, November 4, 2011, Cleveland, OH, USA (with Evelyn Ruppert)
- How’s My Feedback?, Conference, June 28, 2011, Saïd Business School, University of Oxford (with Steve Woolgar and James Munro)
- Storying: A Workshop, March 5, 2011, Saïd Business School, University of Oxford (with Fadhila Mazanderani)
- The STS Talk-Walks, A monthly walking seminar at the University of Oxford, 2010-2011, Oxford, United Kingdom
- Modes of Governance in Digitally Networked Environments, International and Interdiscplinary Workshop, March 26, 2009, Oxford (supported by the ‘Networks for Web Science’ grant, EPSRC (EP/FO/3701/1)) (with Christian Pentzold)
- STS 7111 - Introduction to Science & Technology Studies (with Mike Lynch)
- STS 3561 - Computing Cultures
- Neil Makhija (Oxford, now Harvard Law)
- Lena Wong (Oxford, now Oxford Internet Institute)
Department of Science & Technology Studies
330 Rockefeller Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853
Last updated: July 14, 2014